FAKTOR RESIKO DAN KElADIAN LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN PONOROGO (Studi Kasus Di Wilayah Kecamatan Ngrayun Dan Kecamatan Badegan Tahun 2014)

Rahma Ika Pratiwi, Siti Surasri, Koerniasari .


Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease with rodents (rat), pigs, cows, goats, sheep, horses, dogs, cats,
birds, insectivores (hedgehogs, bats, squirrels) acting as the reservoir that have been infected by the
agent of the disease leptospiroses leptospira bacteria. leptospiroses outbreak in Ponorogo namely in
Ngrayun Sub District in 2011 until 2013 marked the highest the number of cases. In 2013 an incident of
leptospiroses involved 20 patients in Ngrayun sub district and 7 people in the district Badegan subdistrict
and in 2013 leptospiroses appeared for the first time in Badegan. The purpose of this study was to
determine the risk factors and the occurrence of leptospirosis cases in Ngrayun and Badegan subdistricts
of Ponorogo in 2014.
The type of this research is descriptive with case study design to assessand describe the condition
of the cases and the associated risk factors . The research subjects were leptospiroses patients and their
homes. Research variables in this study were the physical environment, biological environment, social
environment, and behavioral factors.
Results of the observations and interviews using Guttman scale factors included the state of the
physical environment, poor water storage, poor use of river/weill, and the distance of the waste collection.
Biological environment factors included the presenceof rats, the presence of farm animals or pets. Social
environmental factors included the level of education and type of occupation, they were also poor.
Behavioral factors which included the habit of bathing, washing hands, use of footwear, treatment of
wounds, were all in poor state.
The final conclusion is that the state of the risk factors, that include the physical environment.
biological/ social and behavioral factors are in poor state. These call for counseling and testing of ROTto
improve knowledge and insiqhts and to change people's behavior and to review the leptospiroses
prevention program

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.36568/kesling.v12i2.61


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