Merina Dea Haruni, Setiawan ., Hadi Suryono


Rat is a a type of rodents. One of their characteristics is that their teeth continue to grow so they
need to gnaw objects in their surroundings. Rats are harmful in terms of economic, health, aesthetics and
public services. A Report on rat control carried out in port health office (KKP) of Probolinggo in 2013
showed that 35 rats were successfully trapped. The Ministry of Health Decree No. 431/2007 stated that
the KKP must the make every effort to eliminate rats from KKP area. The purpose of this research was to
learn the rat control being implemented in Tanjung Tembaga Port of Probolinggo in 2014.
This was a non-experimental study where data were analyzed descriptively by describing the rat
control activity performed by the KKP Probolinggo. Rat control was carried out in accordance with Minister
of Health decree No. 431/MENKES/SK/IV/2007. Various data were collected through observation,
interviews, installation of rat traps; identification of rats and fleas found on them.
The results showed that of among the five variables being investigated, four variables associated
with rat control activities have not met the designated requirements, and only one variable: rat
inspection/identification has satisfied the requirement. The variables that have not met the requirements
inciuded mapping, work schedules, rat proofing observation, and rat trap installation procedures. Mapping
and work schedule failed to describe the locations where rat traps were placed. Rat proofing observation
was not conducted regularly and procedures in deploying rat traps were done not in accordance with the
Minister of Health decree No. 431/MENKES/SK/IV/2007.
It can therefore be concluded that rat control program in Tanjung Tembaga port of Probolinggo in
2014 has not satisfied the desiqnated requirements. It was recommended that KKP Probolinggo improve
its rat control program with respect to the said decree. Mapping should be enhanced by specifying
locations of garbage bins, sewer system, and stockpile places in open areas. The work schedule should
specify locations of rat control, provide counseling time warehouse/building operators, lists of equipment
and materials required. Rat proofing should be observed regularly. Rat traps should be installed on
evenings and the removal should be done in the mornings betore daily activities in full swing, and traps
with captured rats should be labeled accordingly.

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